What is the difference between indica and sativa?
Effects of Cannabis:
The effects of marijuana can vary greatly depending on sub-species and strain. The plant
species Cannabis sativa L. has two main sub-species used for medicinal purposes: Cannabis
Effects: Indica strains are known as sedatives/relaxants, and are effective for treating the
symptoms of medical conditions such as anxiety, chronic pain, insomnia, muscle spasms and
tremors. Indicas generally have higher levels of CBD and other cannabinoids than Sativas,
which may result in a sedated effect. Because Indica strains may cause feelings of
sleepiness and heaviness, many patients prefer to medicate with this type of cannabis at
Potential Benefits: Aids in sleep; Reduces pain; Muscle relaxant; Relieves spasms;
Stimulates appetite; Reduces nausea; Bronchiole-dilator and expectorant; Reduces intra-
ocular pressure; Relieves headaches and migraines; Reduces inflammation; Reduces
anxiety and stress.
Effects: Sativa dominant strains are known to have stimulant qualities, and be effective in
appetite stimulation, relieving depression, migraines, chronic pain and nausea Sativas
generally have a higher level of THC than lndicas, which results in a psychoactive and
energetic effect. Because sativa strains may cause feelings of alertness and optimism, many
patients prefer to medicate with this type of cannabis during the day.
Potential Benefits: Reduces nausea; Energizes and stimulates; Promotes creativity;
Stimulates appetite; Relieves headaches and migraines; Fights depression; Relaxes
muscles; Relieves pain; Acts as an expectorant.
Hybrids and cross-breeds of indica and sativa strains produce varieties that carry some
characteristics of each parent. For example, adding sativa to indica strains adds mental clarity
and decreases sedation effects. Adding indica to sativa strains can decrease or even eliminate
the sativa tendency to stimulate anxiety. Instead of using pure indica or pure sativa, many
patients can benefit from the use of hybrid strains.
ASK YOUR DOCTOR!
Medical marijuana is a versatile medicine that can help with the side effects and
symptoms of countless medical conditions. Ask your doctor which medical marijuana
strain is best for your medical condition.
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