Degenerative disc disease is a general term used to describe a range of spinal conditions. This disease comes with physical and psychological factors.
There are several spinal conditions and thanks to the evolving medical systems around the world, medical marijuana has been incorporated into the recommended drugs for these conditions in some countries.
Research shows that cannabinoids might play a vital role in treating the mental stress and physical injuries that come along with degenerative disc conditions.
What is Degenerative Disc Disease?
DDD refers to a group of spinal illnesses that results in the degeneration/degradation of the spinal discs. These intervertebral discs are found in all major areas of the human spine. From the cervical to the thoracic, and the lumbar region.
The spinal column is made up of a total of 23 vertebral discs. These discs help you stay flexible, as they act as a shock between the bones.
From observation, as a person gets older, he/she loses his flexibility. This is because with time the spinal discs wear down and varying levels of pain are felt; depending on the origination of the pain.
Degenerative disc disease is a specific problem that a human undergoes when regular changes within the spinal disc cause pain. These problems may prompt other unique symptoms, but the most common symptom is pain.
A world riddled with back pain
One of the leading causes of disability and chronic pain in the aging population around the world is back pain.
It results from multiple nervous system and musculoskeletal conditions. DDD affects a person's quality of life and inhibits their ability to function efficiently in their respective place of work.
Why does DDD occur?
Strains due to daily activities
A person's occupation, sports, and other repeated activities expose the musculoskeletal system and the spinal discs to strains due to excessive force.
Exercise helps people keep fit, however too much of these activities can also add to the damage and leave out don't, muscles, tissues, and spinal discs in an unhealthy shape.
The body's ability to heal itself declines as its advance in age. At a certain age, cells being to lose their capacity to divide and proliferate. The regeneration of tissues gets slower. Degraded collagen is then accumulated throughout the body; some along the spinal column. Leaving the body exposed to DDD.
Recent studies have identified that the presence of certain genes may leave an individual with a high risk of having degenerative disc diseases. The spinal disc located in the lower back has a high risk of degrading in an accelerated manner if there is 5A allele polymorphism.
Symptoms of DDD
Inflammation in the affected area
Pain in love back
Pain in thighs
Difficulty standing and walking
Increased pain from twisting movements
Varying levels of pain
Pain in buttocks when sitting
Most times, patients only find relief when they lay on their backs.
How CBD fits into all of these
Currently, different medications are accessible for treating back pain, especially NSAIDs. However, more studies are being carried out to determine the possibility of cannabis being a better treatment option for treating musculoskeletal conditions like Degenerative Disk Diseases.
For thousands of years, cannabis has been used traditionally to treat a host of physical and mental conditions. The intriguing plant has resinous flowers which are loaded with over 100 cannabinoids and 200 terpenes. Cannabidiol seems to be the most promising cannabinoids from the various clinical trials carried out.
Observed impacts of CBD on Degenerative disc disease
Based on physical factors
DDD induces the release of inflammatory molecules to the affected areas. CBD is an anti-inflammatory compound that will inhibit the dispersal of inflammatory molecules to the affected areas. With this, it accelerates the healing response of the body.
In 2014 a study suggested the potential of CBD to stop, reduce and hold back the inflammatory response of the body that increases swelling and pain. These researchers were able to establish the any-degenerative effects of CBD at the end of their research. They also went on to suggest that CBD is better suited to treat the condition, with emphasis laid on the non-psychoactive status of the compound and the minimal risk attached.
Based on psychological factors
Stimulates the endocannabinoid system and increases anandamide production
CBD reacts with the ECS receptors, CB1 and CB2, which can be found all over the body in high concentrations present in the immune and nervous systems. These reactions reduce the prevents the degradation of anandamide.
Anandamide is commonly called the "bliss molecule".
By slowing down its degradation, the molecule stays longer in the body system—Relieving pain and inflammatory effects that play a role in DDD healing.
One thing about chronic pain and DDD is that it could lead to mental disorders like depression, anxiety, and catastrophization. These disorders leave the patient in a bad mental state. This is another point anandamide comes in. It uplifts the mood of the patient long enough to improve his/her psychological state.
Research carried out years ago states that CBD reduces symptoms of stress, this way it alters the way a patient perceives and deals with pain.
This varies depending on the sensitivity and tolerance of a person to cannabis compounds. These side effects include;
While we understand that DDD is a complex and very wide disease condition, it is important to note that it doesn't equate to tissue damage.
It is possible to have experienced none of these symptoms of DDD and have a considerable degeneration in your spinal discs. In the same way, it is possible to have a few symptoms and be in the clear.
In addition to this, those that feel a high level of pain are predisposed to negative mental states.
Fortunately, now we know thy CBD has the potential to provide both physical and mental relief to the patients.
More reason for the medical bodies to approve the use of CBD in treating degenerative disc disease. With further research, added therapeutic benefits will be uncovered and utilized to formulate the right dose and administration method needed.